Thursday, March 3, 2011

Today in Black History

1820 *


Missouri Compromise encated. The measure prohibited slavery to the north of southern boundary of Missouri.


1852*

Born in Baltimore on March 3. Murray, an African-American, was assistant librarian of Congress, and a collector of books and pamphlets by and about black Americans.


1863*

During the height of the Civil War, Congress passed this act which mandated military service for all men between the ages of twenty and forty five.


1865*


Congress established Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Freedmen's Bureau) to aid white refugees and former slaves.


1865*

Congress chartered Freedmen's Savings and Trust Bank with business confined to Blacks.

1869*


The 38th and 41st Infantry regiments were joined and became the 24th Infantry Regiment, the third of four proposed African American regiments in teh U.S. Army. Following the Civil War the regiment was poted in Texas from 1869 to 1880.

1886*


Robert F. Flemming, Jr. patents a guitar.

1932*


African actress and singer Miriam Makeba born in Johannesburg, South Africa.

1962*


Birthplace: East St. Louis, Illinois March 3, 1962 - Jacqueline Joyner-Kersee is part of a the Joyner family of American track-and-field stars. Jackie first gained national attention by winning 4 consecutive National Junior Pentathlon Championships. She set the heptathlon world record (7,291 points) at the 1988 Olympics. In 1988, she was the first woman selected Athlete of the Year by the Sporting News. This impressive female athlete earned the U.S. record and won the World Championship for the long jump twice (1987 and 1991). In 1992, she became the first winner of back-to-back gold medals in the heptathlon event. Jackie retired from track and field, and joined one of the new women's professional basketball leagues.




2002*


Roberta Flack's "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" is named Song and Record of the Year at the Grammys.

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