The New Jersey Legislature approved a law calling for "gradual" emancipation of African Americans. In so doing, New Jersey became the last Northern state to outlaw slavery.
Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston. Her father, Benjamin Roberts, filed the first school integration suit on her behalf.
Black abolitionists invaded Boston courtroom and rescued a fugitive slave.
Louis Armstrong's "Hello Dolly" recording becomes his first and only number one record.
Nat King Cole (45), Singer and Pianist, died in Santa Monica, California.
On this day Henry Lewis becomes the first African American to lead a symphony orchestra in the United States.
Nationalists disrupted UN session on Congo with demonstration for slain Congo Premier Patrice Lumumba.