"Liberty Party", The first antislavery political party was organized in Warsaw, New York. Samuel Ringgold Ward and Henry Highland Garnet were among the earliest supporters of the new political departure.
A. C. Richardson patents his Casket-Lowering Device. Patent No. 529,311
The First African American elected to the American College of Surgeons was Dr. Daniel Hale Williams. He was also the first* person to perform open heart surgery.
On this day, the Supreme Court ruled in Hansberry vs. Lee. The ruling stated that whites can't bar African Americans from white neighborhoods.
Janet Colllins, Ballerina became the first African American dancer to appear with the Metropolitan Opera Company.
Caryn "Whoppi" Goldberg was born on this day in New York, NY
Supreme Court upheld lower court decision which banned segregation on city buses in Montgomery, Alabama. Federal injunctions prohibiting segregation on the buses were served on city, state and bus company officials on December 20. At two mass meetings Montgomery Blacks called off year-long bus boycott. Buses were integrated on December 21.
Carl Stokes became the first African American to be elected mayor of major city Cleveland Ohio
New York Mets Pitcher, Dwight Gooden won the "Cy Young Award" making him the youngest pitcher ever to win this prestigious award.