Third* Day of Kwanzaa "Ujima" (Collective Work and Responsibility)
To build and maintain our community together and make our brothers' and sisters' problems our problems, and to solve them together.
American Colonization Society organized in hall of the House of Representatives .
Born into slavery, Elizabeth "Mumbet" Freeman ran away from her owners after mistreatment by her master's wife. She petitioned successfully for her freedom, citing her knowledge of the Bill of Rights and the new constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Her argument was that all men were created equal, thereby justifying her petition for freedom. Her victory effectively abolished slavery in Massachusetts. Freeman was the great-grandmother of W.E.B. DuBois, one of America's most renowned scholars, leaders, and fighters for civil rights. She died on this day.
C. V. Richey invents the Fire Escape Bracket (Patent No. 596,427)
Famed Jazz musician and father of "Modern Jazz Piano" Earl "Fatha" Hines was born on this day.
The "Spingarn Medal" was awarded to William Stanley Braithwaite. A poet, literary critic and editor. This honor was bestowed beyond him due to his distinguished achievements in literature.
Sixty Blacks were reported lynched in 1918.
George H. White, the last of the post Reconstruction congressman of Philadelphia died on this day.
Actor Denzel Washington was born on this day in Mount Vernon, NY. Washington has starred in such films as "Malcolm X", "Glory", "Mo' Better Blues", and " A Soldier's Story". He also had a start in television on the popular show "St. Elsewhere". He's won an Academy Award for best "Supporting Actor" for his role in "Glory" and "Best Actor" for his role "Training Day".
Karen Farmer became the first African American member of "The Daughters of the American Revolution" when she traced her ancestry back to William Hood, a solider in the Revolutionary War.